As water resources become increasingly stressed by drought and intensifying demand from competing uses, industries that use significant quantities of water will face greater pressure to
adopt water-efficiency strategies that can decrease fresh-water withdrawals. One approach that facilities can adopt to reduce their draw from these supplies — thus reducing stress on drinking
water reserves — is to use alternative makeup water sources.
Most catastrophic system failures are easily avoidable because they are linked to a negligent lack of maintenance. Consider a catastrophic fan failure at a Midwestern manufacturing plant that occurred on a Friday afternoon, grinding the weekend process to a halt and incurring labor to be billed out at weekend rates.
Most people think of coil cleaning as a building or facility prepares to turn on the air-conditioners for another season. Admittedly, spring is a perfect time to put such cleaning and maintenance at the top of the to-do list.
Many applications require water for cooling. Rotary evaporators, microscopes and spectrophotometers found in the laboratory can require cooling water. Industrial-scale applications such as semiconductor, additive manufacturing and extraction processes also typically require water for cooling.
Chances are, the pork sausage on your breakfast plate came home from the grocery store frozen. And if it is one of the big-name brands, chances are equally good that it was not processed by the company whose name is on the package. Instead, it was likely processed by a co-packer — a company that specializes in that particular product.
When selecting the pipes and valves to be included in a cooling system, it is important to understand the options available — and the possible outcomes associated with each selection. The selection process is often overlooked or, at least, not given proper attention by designers and contractors when putting together a cooling system.
Alone, continuous low-level chlorine feed may not be enough to control cooling water biofilm and its related problems. For improved protection, chlorine should be continuously fed, monitored and controlled.