As Process Cooling wraps up another year of serving industrial processors who use cooling equipment and supplies, its editorial staff offers readers this handy reference guide to the feature articles published in 2015. Read online using the supplied links to all feature content.


Industrial Process Chillers

Cooling Capabilities Chart: System Chillers
Designed for safe, reliable operation, system chillers deliver the cooling needed throughout the plant from a single large unit. Find suppliers using our Cooling Capabilities Chart. May 2015, page 28.

Centrifugal Compressors Help Cut Operating Costs for Injection Molder
High-speed molding presses use chillers with centrifugal compressors to provide the tight temperature control needed for injection molding. May 2015, page 32.

How to Size Chillers for Condensing Applications
Sizing a chiller for condensing applications in pilot and production settings requires careful consideration of various factors. Ensuring delivery of the proper cooling capacity, safety features and other options will provide high performance and reliability. Mark Diener, Julabo USA Inc. September 2015, page 22.

Chiller Controls Accommodate the Evolving Needs of Industry
As operators in the process industries become accustomed to access to extensive process data and responsive control, temperature control equipment such as chillers evolve to meet those needs.  Timothy Hallett, ACS Group. October 2015, page 10.

Considerations When Selecting a TCU Fluid
Temperature control units can deliver effective control to processes and tools. Pay attention to physicochemical properties such as fluid viscosity, material compatibility, useable fluid temperature range and ionic composition to get the best results from your equipment long term. Scott D. Pratt, Thermo Fisher Scientific. October 2015, page 14.

Cooling Capabilities Chart: Portable Chillers
Use Process Cooling’s annual Cooling Capabilities Chart on Portable Chillers to compare manufacturers’ chiller lineups. Search by chiller configuration, condenser/evaporator, materials of construction, chilling method, process fluid handled and industries served. October 2015, page 18.


Cooling Towers & Evaporative Condensers

Cooling Towers Roundup
Use our cooling tower product roundup to learn about specific models and features. January/February 2015, page 8.

Conserving Water and Energy with Hybrid Condensing Technologies
Efficient evaporative cooling technologies can play a large part in protecting the world’s water supply. An air-cooled condenser with optional adiabatic cooling can satisfy niche applications where water resources are limited but electric power is available. Daryn S. Cline and Trevor H. Hegg, Evapco. January/February 2015, page 14.

Evaporative Cooling Can Save Money
Learn how evaporative cooling works to reduce cooling costs in process environments that require space cooling. Gary Jouas, Phoenix Manufacturing. March 2015, page 34.

WirelessHART Automates Cooling Tower Operations
Accurate, reliable measurements are critical in calculating cooling tower efficiency, controlling blowdown, makeup flows and water pH, and to minimizing fouling. Integrating wireless sensor technologies such as WirelessHART instrumentation and asset-management software allows facilities to automate cooling tower operation. Nikki Bishop and Jason Sprayberry, Emerson Process Management. April 2015, page 12.

Evaporative Cooling: The Inside Story
Using evaporative cooling for space cooling allows industrial facilities to improve labor productivity. Michael Kaler, Mestex. May 2015, page 38.

Economics Can Be Cool
A thorough economic analysis is critical for cooling tower upgrades. Completing four steps — assess current tower performance, model the response to proposed changes, assess whether to rebuild or upgrade, and calculate the savings — provides a pathway to improved cooling tower performance. Engineering Staff, SPX Cooling Technologies Inc. September 2015, page 8.

Close the Loop for Clean, Efficient Cooling
Closed-loop cooling systems isolate the fluid within a closed circuit, which prevents contaminants from entering the system. Using a closed-loop cooling system can deliver increased efficiency, reduced operating costs and optimized process cooling performance. Chris Walton, Baltimore Aircoil Co. September 2015, page 16.

Plastic Cooling Towers Play Critical Role in Industrial Water Conservation
Given galvanized metal cooling towers’ vulnerability to corrosion — the risk of which is exacerbated by certain water-treatment techniques — noncorrosive plastic cooling towers are becoming more attractive. Jeff Elliott. October 2015, page 28.


Cryogenics & Industrial Gases

Thinking Outside the Liquid Nitrogen Freezing Box
Liquid nitrogen can improve food manufacturing operations in ways not previously considered. Capitalizing on liquid nitrogen’s extraordinary refrigeration properties allows food manufacturers to increase throughput and improve product quality. Chris Johnson, Air Products. January/February 2015, page 10.

Sub-Zero Treatment of Steel Alloys Helps Satisfy Demand for Performance
The hardness, wear resistance and stability of tool steels and components depend upon the underlying composition and molecular structure of the alloy. Sub-zero treatment can alter the phase structure to help achieve improvements in quality and finished parts performance. By Grzegorz Moroz and Michael J. Stempo, Linde LLC. March 2015, page 10.

Managing Temperature during Thermal Spraying with CO2
To achieve the best results, more applications are requiring the use of special cooling methods to increase the cooling efficiency and, in turn, optimize the process of thermal spraying. While air remains the cheapest and most common medium for cooling during thermal spraying, the use of carbon dioxide opens up new applications. Werner Kroemmer, Linde. October 2015, page 20.


Equipment & Enclosure Cooling

The Need for an Optimized Cooling Setpoint
Moisture in the air itself is not a problem for electronics equipment or components — until the moisture condenses on relatively cold surfaces. When considering how to properly cool electronics in industrial applications, you must determine an optimized cooling setpoint. Abhishek Gupta, Hoffman, Pentair. January/February 2015, page 24.

Dispelling Two Common Myths About Vortex Tubes
Once understood, it is easy to see this technology is suitable for cooling electrical enclosures in industrial settings. Dave Woerner, Exair Corp. April 2015, page 20.

Avoid Complications via Proper Enclosure Temperature Control
Effective enclosure cooling takes into account all of the temperature and environmental factors that impact the life and operation of electrical equipment. Preventing six common issues can help reduce industrial electronics failures related to overheating. Barry Slotnick, Thermal Edge. September 2015, page 28.


Fans & Blowers

6 Ways HVLS Fans Improve Productivity in Industrial Facilities
Energy savings and employee comfort are among the benefits of high volume, low speed fans. Katheran Wasson, Big Ass Fans. April 2015, page 31.

Product Roundup: 5 Industrial Fans
Identify products right for your application with our roundup of industrial fans. April 2015, page 36.

Fans Provide Energy-Efficient Process Cooling
Looking to cool products to room temperature quickly? Start slow, test often and get help. Josh Kegley, Big Ass Fans. October 2015, page 32.



Sidestream Filtration Provides a Superior Cooling Solution
It is commonly known that poor water quality, including high particle loading, can lead to common problems — corrosion, scaling, fouling and microbiological activity —within an open-recirculating cooling tower system. These problems are interdependent to the extent that prevention of one may help reduce the magnitude of the others. Polly Stenberg, Forsta Filters. April 2015, page 24.

Filtration Cleans Up a Soap-Maker’s Process
A self-cleaning filtration system improves product quality and reduces downtime and labor. Uninterrupted filtering also helps ensure consistent temperatures and reduces product rework. Chris Rau, Eaton. May 2015, page 20.

Using Advanced Reuse Solution for Cooling Tower Makeup Water
A packaged filtration system saves more than 1 million gallons of water per day for a Pennsylvania power plant. Tony Urciuoli, GE Water & Process Technologies. May 2015, page 36.

Filtering Down Water Usage in Industrial Process Cooling
With drought and water shortages looming large over our communities, and the resulting increased focus on water conservation, industrial water users are looking for ways to reduce their water usage. Peachie Maher Hytowitz, Amiad Water Systems. July/August 2015, page 10.


Flow Control & Monitoring

Increasing Pump Energy Efficiency for Industrial Cooling Systems
Intelligent pump systems vary their own speed to adjust flow rather than relying on fixed-speed pumps and control valves. Intelligent pumps provide benefits and efficiencies not possible with fixed-speed models and control valves. Michael Kelzer, Grundfos. January/February 2015, page 28.

The Role of Flow Monitoring in Process Cooling Applications
Flow-monitoring equipment can help detect inefficiencies and maintenance issues while lowering costs. Many flow-monitoring technologies exist such as impeller, ultrasonic and electromagnetic models. Sarah Romero, Veris Industries. May 2015, page 12.

Ultrasonic Flowmeters Help Keep Industrial Power-Distribution Systems Cool
Flow measurement solution provides valuable data about cooling performance. Learn how ultrasonic flow measurement can be used to optimize closed-loop (hydronic) cooling of integrated power-distribution systems. Cheryl Ades Anspach, Badger Meter. July/August 2015, page 25.


Heat Exchangers

Using Microchannel Coils for Process Cooling
Used in process cooling equipment such as condensers, chillers and environmental chambers, microchannel coils provide process benefits. Steven Wand and Jim Bogart, Alcoil. March 2015, page 30.

Cooling Capabilities Chart: Heat Exchangers
Use our Cooling Capabilities Chart on Heat Exchangers to find an exchanger maker that can help you solve your process challenges. March 2015, page 38.

Compact Heat Exchangers
Suitable for a range of applications, plate heat exchangers provide benefits such as energy savings and lower installation costs. Klas Abrahamsson, Alfa Laval. April 2015, page 38.

Boosting Heat Exchanger Performance with Effective Tube Cleaning
Online automatic cleaning systems help exchangers and condensers maintain proper heat transfer rate. Kaveh Someah, Ovivo USA LLC. July/August 2015, page 33.


Heat Transfer Fluids

6 Takeaways for Heat Transfer Fluids
Giving careful consideration to heat transfer fluids provides optimal system performance. Gain insight into common problems with industrial thermal fluid heating and get takeaways you can put into action in your plant. Conrad Gamble, P.E., Eastman Chemical Co. July/August 2015, page 38.

Cooling Capabilities Chart: Low Temperature Heat Transfer Fluids
In Process Cooling’s annual Cooling Capabilities Chart on Low Temperature Heat Transfer Fluids, we have compiled all the data you need to choose a fluid for low temperature heat transfer fluid processes. September 2015, page 32.


Industrial Refrigeration

Mitigating Risks in Industrial Ammonia Refrigeration Installations
Ammonia electronic direct expansion, secondary cooling loops with ammonia and carbon dioxide, and self-contained, low charge ammonia packaged systems offer processing plants and cold storage facilities a way to mitigate the risks associated with a large ammonia charge while preserving energy efficiency and product quality. By Hernan Hidalgo and Jim Hower, Danfoss. March 2015, page 16.

How to Keep an Updated and Accurate PSM Program
Facilities with an ammonia threshold of more than 10,000 lb must develop and implement a PSM plan. Master the keys to effectively meeting OSHA’s standard. Christine Shelley, Stellar Integrated Solutions. March 2015, page 22.

Secondary Refrigerants: The Benefits and Costs
Facilities are interested in reducing ammonia inventory due to increased regulation and scrutiny of ammonia refrigeration systems. A system that uses a secondary refrigerant may be a good option. Christopher Kapsha, P.E., and Tim Pacitti F.E., Devault Refrigeration. May 2015, page 12.

Using Oil-Flooded Screw Compressors for Industrial Refrigeration
Oil-flooded screw compressors can be efficiently and effectively applied in a magnitude of industrial refrigeration applications. Jim Nesbitt, GEA Refrigeration North America. May 2015, page 24.


Leak Detection

Comparing Leak Detection Methods for Power Generation Condensers
Condensers are used in power plants to recycle exhaust steam for thermoelectric heating, but they also are relied on to maximize turbine efficiency maintaining a proper vacuum. Effective leak detection is needed to ensure that vacuum leaks do not occur. Benjamin Fried, CTRL. January/February 2015, page 10.

The Principles of Detecting Refrigerant Leaks
Various sensor types and detection systems can enhance the effectiveness of leak detection. Guenter Huber, Bacharach. April 2015, page 17.


Temperature & Process Control

The Future of Temperature Controls
As technology develops, temperature controls will be changing with the times. Will they become easier to set up and use? Perform more tasks than just temperature control? Carry out background tasks that assist in maintenance? Time will tell. Jim Schroeder, Sr., Seagate Control Systems. April 2015, page 28.

4 Steps to Mitigate Sensor Failure Risks
Factors to consider when selecting an industrial temperature sensor include what can happen if the temperature sensor fails. Will your process go offline or produce thousands of dollars in scrap? Cory Luce, QTI Sensing Solutions. October 2015, page 38.


Valves & Piping

Valves Improve Process Cooling
Several types of valves are used to control cooling in the fermentation stage of industrial winemaking. Proper valve selection helps improve winemaking fermentation. Scott Cameron, Asco Numatics. July/August 2015, page 20.

Liquid Glycol and Preinsulated Plastic Pipe Offer Safer, More Eco-Friendly System
Refrigerant regulations are pushing end-users and contractors to look at new ways of cooling food. Brian Gordon, GF Piping Systems. July/August 2015, page 28.


Industrial Water Treatment

Optimizing Process Cooling Performance in Water-Scarce Environments
An integrated approach that detects, determines and delivers results is the way to a better water treatment program. Danny Blagojevich and Stan Armitage, Nalco, an Ecolab Co. March 2015, page 26.

Cooling Capabilities Chart: Water Treatment Services
Maintaining proper water chemistry can be challenging, but water treatment suppliers can help. This issue’s Cooling Capabilities chart focuses on the types of inspection equipment, consulting services and monitoring products provided by water treatment service companies. July/August 2015, page 18.

Taking Control of Corrosion
The science of corrosion prevention and control is highly complex, exacerbated by the fact that corrosion takes many different forms and is affected by numerous outside factors. Engineering Staff, U.S. Water. July/August 2015, page 14.

Separate Suspended Solids from Your Process
Poor water quality is draining your process cooling efficiency. How can you regain this lost ground? Filtration. Marco Bosisio, Sonitec-Vortisand. October 2015, page 24.


Trade Shows & Conferences

IIAR Show Preview: Refrigeration Show Heads to San Diego
Innovative ammonia refrigeration equipment and technology will be on display at the 2015 IIAR Industrial Refrigeration Conference and Exhibition. March 2015, page 40.

AWT Show Preview: Industrial Water Treatment Show Hits Many Notes in Nashville
The Association of Water Technologies’ 30th annual conference and exposition promises a lineup of informational sessions to equip attendees with tools and skills they need. September 2015, page 42.

RETA Show Preview: Brew City Plays Host to RETA Conference and Expo
Milwaukee plays host to the annual conference and exposition of the Refrigerating Engineers & Technicians Association, which includes an extensive conference program, exhibits, networking events, social activities and the opportunity to study and sit for RETA certification exams. September 2015, page 44.