Process Cooling 2017 Article Index
Incorporating these factors into your selection process will help secure the best solution for the application. March 2017, p. 14.
Whether used to cool a process critical to delivering product on time to a major customer, or simply to avoid the costs and disruption resulting from equipment failure, a chiller delivers. Many options exist when selecting a chiller for your process-specific needs. March 2017, p. 18.
Recirculating chillers supply a source of temperature-controlled fluid — typically water or an ethylene glycol/water mix — that removes heat from a process. The total amount of heat released by a recirculating chiller into the room depends on whether the chiller has been specified with an air-cooled or water-cooled condenser. May 2017, p. 24.
Designed for safe, reliable operation, system chillers deliver the cooling needed throughout the plant from a single large unit. Find suppliers using our Cooling Capabilities Chart. May 2017, p. 36.
Knowing your application’s threshold for temperature stability is key in selecting a suitable process chiller. Balancing cost and temperature stability leads to a lower total cost of ownership. July/August 2017, p. 18.
An alternative for process cooling applications, variable-speed compressors coupled with advanced PLCs continuously monitor the heat load and adjust the compressor speed for peak efficiency and temperature control. September 2017, p. 22.
In Process Cooling’s annual Cooling Capabilities Chart on Portable Chillers, we have compiled all the data you need to choose these mobile temperature control systems. October 2017, p. 34.
COOLING TOWERS/ EVAPORATIVE COOLING
All cooling towers operate on the principle of removing heat from water by evaporating a small portion of the water that is recirculated through the unit. Review this collection of cooling towers for industrial cooling applications in our annual roundup. January/February 2017, p. 10.
When evaporative cooling systems are commissioned, careful attention should be given to water quality during the initial fill. After commissioning, maintaining consistent water quality throughout the system is important for the health of the entire condenser water system. January/February 2017, p. 12.
Indoor farming is a burgeoning market that requires adequate environmental controls to ensure proper temperature and humidity levels. Evaporative cooling technologies play a key role. January/February 2017, p. 16.
If system pumps become obstructed with debris and water flow is impeded, cooling tower temperatures raise and performance suffers. The system must consume even more energy to achieve proper cooling levels and premature equipment failure results. Cooling tower filters help prevent such problems. March 2017, p. 26.
Both evaporative cooling and dry cooling solutions play important roles in refineries and chemical plants. The selection of the correct technology for specific industrial cooling applications is dependent upon many factors, including plant conditions, environmental considerations, water quality and availability, profitability and other operational issues. April 2017, p. 20.
Evaporative cooling equipment — like any mechanical unit of machinery — requires preventive maintenance to maximize its utility. Systematic and thorough attention to the fan and motor assemblies is essential to avoid the unexpected interruption of service. May 2017, p. 16.
Evaporative heat rejection has a lower initial cost, requires less parasitic energy and requires less overall space than dry cooling. Yet evaporative cooling technologies also consume massive amounts of water and produce wastewater. Used in conjunction with a traditional, full-size cooling tower, the hybrid cooling system offers a way to reduce environmental impact. July/August 2017, p. 10.
How can plant operators plan and execute a successful reconstruction project and avoid potential reconstruction pitfalls? Extend tower lifespan by restoring thermal performance and structural integrity. September 2017, p. 14.
Corrosion-Resistant Plastic Cooling Towers Cut Costs For operations using extreme heat, engineered plastic cooling towers provide cooling, outlast traditional alternatives. September 2017, p. 40
CRYOGENICS & INDUSTRIAL GASES
Molecular-beam epitaxy — a method for thin-film deposition of single crystals — is a growing technology, but proper calculation and component selection are critical. July/August 2017, p. 14.
EQUIPMENT & ENCLOSURE COOLING
With a source of clean compressed air, which simply requires a water and dirt filter/separator, vortex tube coolers can outlast any other cooling alternative. April 2017, p. 32.
FANS & BLOWERS
Fans are increasingly being used to cool and improve industrial facilities. Temperature and humidity conditions have profound effects on products such as beer, bourbon and wine, yet maintaining ideal conditions can be difficult. January/February 2017, p. 20.
Need effective cooling and air movement in your process? Our Product Roundup shows some of the options available. April 2017, p. 10.
Power and glass are two industries among many where centrifugal fans provide the critical pressures and airflow required for proper process cooling. In any process cooling application where centrifugal fans provide the essential flow and pressure ingredients, proper selection is critical. October 2017, p. 15.
A Midwest co-packer depends on filtration to increase efficiency on the production line. May 2017, p. 32.
Process cooling and refrigeration systems can consume too much energy from leaks and poor operation. Monitoring key parameters can identify problem areas and improve efficiency. May 2017, p. 28.
From early detection of issues to reducing energy costs of system use, flow monitors and flowmeters help identify areas of loss — and places to gain — in process cooling systems. July/August 2017, p. 36.
Use our Cooling Capabilities Chart on Heat Exchangers to find an exchanger maker that can help you solve your process challenges. March 2017, p. 30.
A coil-cleaning program should be an integral part of maintaining some kinds of process cooling equipment. Postponing maintenance and cleaning can have a detrimental effect on process equipment and heating and cooling systems. May 2017, p. 20.
Stacked exchangers in series improve cooling while lowering maintenance costs. The six smaller-diameter shell-and-tube heat exchangers mounted in a rack were better able to cool hot soup for packaging and allow the food packager to use free cooling in the winter months. September 2017, p. 26.
Hybrids provide a solution that handles the associated variance in temperature and pressure. September 2017, p. 44.
Industrial lasers, medical electronics and food and beverage processing have one thing in common: each can be effectively cooled with industrial heat exchangers. Learn more about these versatile indirect heat exchange devices. October 2017, p. 20.
Eddy-current testing can be a useful tool when it is planned for a specific purpose, and the manufacturer, fabricator and owner-operator communicate effectively. October 2017, p. 25.
HEAT TRANSFER FLUIDS
Understand the similarities and differences between ethylene glycol and propylene glycol as the means to extend the temperature range of your water-based fluid cooling application. July/August 2017, p. 24.
Bio-based, sustainable heat transfer fluids demonstrated advanced performance and energy savings for an international maker of infant foods and other food products. July/August 2017, p. 28.
In Process Cooling’s annual Cooling Capabilities Chart on Low Temperature Heat Transfer Fluids, we have compiled all the data you need to choose a fluid for low temperature heat transfer fluid processes. September 2017, p. 34.
Bio-based, sustainable heat transfer fluids demonstrate advanced performance and energy savings. October 2017, p. 36.
With a switch from individual condensing units to parallel compressor systems, operators can realize lower installation costs, reduced energy consumption and better preservation of food products, among other benefits. January/February 2017, p. 24.
Frequent communication and flexibility are two practices that helped ensure success during the design-build of a meat manufacturing plant for an international company. January/February 2017, p. 28.
Understand the differences among tunnel coolers, spiral chillers and blast chambers used to freeze and chill food products. The chilling and freezing process is not an exact science, so adjustments often need to be made to the design of the chilling equipment. March 2017, p. 10.
Airborne and structure-borne ultrasound technology can positively reduce energy consumption, man-hours and spare parts inventory. October 2017, p. 10.
PROCESS COOLING EQUIPMENT
Learn about the latest process cooling technology with this special section of products, tips and application ideas from manufacturers and suppliers of cooling process equipment and supplies. January/February 2017, p. 30.
Water cooling, evaporative heat transfer equipment and cooling water treatment remain the focus of the Cooling Technology Institute’s annual conference, which will be held in New Orleans on February 5-9. January/February 2017, p. 36.
More than 1,500 engineers, end users, wholesalers, manufacturers and contractors involved in natural refrigeration using ammonia and carbon dioxide are expected to meet up for the conference and heavy equipment show. March 2017, p. 34.
The national conference of the Refrigerating Engineers & Technicians Association takes place in Hershey, Pa., on September 26-29. September 2017, p. 46.
TEMPERATURE & PROCESS CONTROL
Choosing a temperature sensing technology for measuring lower temperatures has different considerations than higher temperature applications. How should you make your choice? Both RTDs and thermocouples can perform effectively in low temperature processes, but you must take care to keep their inherent characteristics in mind. April 2017, p. 14.
Cooling towers are not the only methods used to combat the effects of an overheated system. Closed systems may also be used for smaller cooling applications. Valves, pipes and controls throughout the cooling system are all critical to its overall efficiency and effectiveness. April 2017, p. 24.
A brewing facility incorporates preinsulated thermoplastic piping system for secondary cooling. July/August 2017, p. 32.
A New England paper manufacturer finds lower maintenance and operating costs following filtration retrofit. March 2017, p. 22.
Oxidizing microbicides are important in the control of biofilm and biofilm-related problems because oxidizing microbicides not only kill microorganisms but also help to destroy the extracellular biofilm components. Alone, continuous low-level chlorine feed may not be enough to control cooling water biofilm and its related problems. For improved protection, chlorine should be continuously fed, monitored and controlled. April 2017, p. 28.
As water resources become increasingly stressed by drought and intensifying demand from competing uses, industries that use significant quantities of water will face greater pressure to adopt water-efficiency strategies that can decrease fresh-water withdrawals. One approach that facilities can adopt to reduce their draw from these supplies — thus reducing stress on drinking water reserves — is to use alternative makeup water sources. May 2017, p. 10.
Maintaining proper water chemistry can be challenging, but water treatment suppliers can help. Evaluate water treatment service providers using our Cooling Capabilities Chart. July/August 2017, p. 22.
Whichever way you look at it, bacteria are a problem that must to be controlled. Is ultraviolet irradiation a suitable replacement for chemical disinfection in industrial water treatment? October 2017, p. 30.