As Process Heating & Cooling wraps up another year of serving industrial processors who use industrial process cooling and heating equipment and supplies, its editorial staff offers readers this handy reference guide to the feature articles published in its eMagazines and websites in 2022.

Select a category below to see the featured articles:


Maximize Facility Floor Space by Combining Cooling and Conveying

Cooling conveyors eliminate the need for an additional cooler or chiller station, helping to optimize a food or waste processing facility’s footprint. • Process Cooling, April 2022

Product Roundup: Industrial Fans

In applications from chemical processing to enclosure cooling, heavy-duty industrial fans provide effective air cooling. • Process Cooling, April 2022

Maintenance Tips for Process Cooling Centrifugal Fans

Following these 20 tips will help extend the life of your industrial fan and safeguard operational safety, efficiency and productivity. • Process Heating & Cooling, July 2022


The Importance of Maintaining Boiler Feedwater 

Even though most boiler shutdowns can be traced back to poor feedwater treatment, topics like boiler efficiency, fuel savings and general maintenance tend to dominate the conversation. Proper boiler water treatment improves steam quality, boiler efficiency and uptime. • Process Heating, January 2022

Understanding the Different Types of Steam Used in Processes

By knowing the characteristics and applications of various steam types, you can minimize related operating issues, avoid unnecessary maintenance costs and maximize productivity. • Process Heating, January 2022

Equipment Overview: Industrial Boilers

Our Equipment Overview on Boilers allows readers to review the capabilities of a single manufacturer or identify all of the manufacturers with specific experience. • Process Heating, April 2022

Boiler Cleaning Helps Improve Efficiencies and Costs

Using effective cleaning equipment, maintenance staff can extend the service of boilers and help prevent repairs or replacements. • Process Heating & Cooling, September 2022

Controlling Corrosion During Boiler Layup

For both wet and dry boiler layup, vapor-phase corrosion inhibitors can provide effective equipment protection. • Process Heating & Cooling, October 2022

10 Tips to Keep Your Boiler Room Under Control

Being aware of these 10 tips can help you ensure proper feedwater control and draft control for your process boiler. • Process Heating & Cooling, October 2022


How to Take Credit for an IPL Alarm in Your DCS, Part 2

Often, the functionally safer a system is built, the less reliable it becomes. In a discussion of how to handle independent protection layer alarms, this article demonstrates the concepts using the example of a refinery furnace. • Process Heating, January 2022

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Natural-Draft Heaters

Gaining better efficiency via effective burner control and advanced combustion management can help reduce emissions in natural-draft systems significantly. • Process Heating, April 2022

5 Ways to Improve Combustion System Safety, Reliability and Efficiency

Achieving an optimized combustion system requires smart fuel train designs and automation components. • Process Heating, May 2022

How to Purchase a Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer

Consider these guidelines to take you from specification to selection of a regenerative thermal oxidizer for your industrial heating application. • Process Heating, May 2022

Using Sintered Metal Fibers for Gas Burner Applications

Low emission combustion and operational efficiency make metal fiber burners suitable for use in industrial furnace equipment. • Process Heating & Cooling, July 2022

Equipment Overview: Burners

Whether your process requires direct or indirect heating, if you need a burner, Process Heating’s Equipment Overview on Burners provides a means to compare the capabilities of a number of industrial burner manufacturers. • Process Heating & Cooling, August 2022

Understanding Industrial Burners (2022 Readers’ Pick)

Fuel-fired combustion equipment provides effective process heating in many applications. Select an industrial burner designed for the operating environment to achieve goals such as increased production or reduced emissions. • Process Heating & Cooling, November 2022


Industrial Cooling Towers Review

In applications from chemical processing to plastics to food processing, heavy-duty industrial cooling towers provide effective cooling. • Process Cooling, January/February 2022

Replacing Fill in Existing Cooling Towers

To maximize the operating cost savings, the fill media — the heat transfer surface over which the water flows — should be optimized for heat transfer and in good condition. The fill design and quality selected affect the efficient, reliable performance of evaporative cooling towers. • Process Cooling, April 2022

Corrosion Problems Drive Shift to Plastic Cooling Towers

When the existing metal cooling towers deteriorated at a chemical plant, an engineered plastic towers retrofit provides reliable, efficient cooling. • Process Cooling, May 2022

Hybrid Cooling Saves Water, Reduces Energy Use (2022 Readers’ Pick)

Demands for evaporative cooling equipment that uses less water and energy influence the development of hybrid cooling technologies. • Process Heating & Cooling, November 2022


Improving the Energy Efficiency of Industrial Process Chillers

Over its operating lifetime, nearly every industrial chiller runs at 100 percent capacity only 1 percent of the time. In other words, 99 percent of the time, most industrial chillers operate at partial-load conditions. Using variable-speed technology can help improve the energy efficiency of process chillers. • Process Cooling, January/February 2022

The Real-World Value of Absorption Chillers

Absorption chillers offer distinct, and sometimes surprising, advantages for industrial cooling applications. To truly evaluate the cost-effectiveness of an absorption chiller, it is critical to take into account how COPs correspond with actual energy costs. • Process Cooling, March 2022

When Heat Is Not Enough: Bringing Cooling to Industrial Baking

To produce consistent, flavorful foods, the temperature of ingredients and materials must be controlled, which often involves process cooling technologies. • Process Cooling, April 2022

Cooling Capabilities: System Chillers for Industrial Process Cooling

Use our Cooling Capabilities Chart to compare manufacturers of system-scale chillers for process cooling. • Process Cooling, May 2022

Portable for Industrial Process Cooling

Use our Cooling Capabilities Chart to compare the portable chiller offerings from manufacturers of these versatile tools for process cooling. • Process Heating & Cooling, October 2022


Combining Desiccant Dryers and Cooling Coils for Climate Control

Humidity control systems can help optimize industrial process cooling. • Process Cooling, May 2022


Keeping Power and Control Enclosures Cool with Thermoelectric Air Conditioners

Increasingly efficient designs are allowing for air conditioners with greater cooling performance, which means industries with larger thermal management needs can now consider thermoelectric cooling technology. • Process Cooling, April 2022


Filtration Considerations for Food and Beverage Processors

Reliable filtration is about using an appropriate micron-size filter for the location. Gain insights from lessons learned by several processors who used filtration to improve operations. • Process Cooling, March 2022

Controlled Hydrodynamic Cavitation with Filtration for Water Treatment

Based on the principles of kinetic energy, hydrodynamic cavitation and chemical equilibrium, a controlled hydrodynamic cavitation (CHC) system consists of a generator unit and filtration. • Process Cooling, May 2022

Water Filtration for Food Processing Applications

A combined storage-type chiller and water filtration system allows for better control of taste and consistency of the product. • Process Cooling, June 2022

5 Benefits of Automatic Filtration for Process Cooling Water

Automatic water filtration is a reliable, efficient way to keep process cooling water clean and operations running smoothly. • Process Cooling, June 2022


Protecting Cooling Towers from Fluid Delivery Pump Failures

By monitoring flow to prevent dry-run conditions, plant engineers can extend pump life. • Process Cooling, May 2022


Expansion Joint Considerations for Heat Exchangers Used as Process Coolers

Shell-and-tube heat exchangers that serve as process coolers often require an expansion joint to relieve stresses in critical exchanger components. Several factors should be considered when developing a cost-effective expansion joint design to ensure safe operation and reliability. • Process Cooling, January/February 2022

Considerations for Using River Water in Industrial Cooling Applications

When working with river water as a cooling water source, the careful selection of the heat exchanger for critical cooling processes can help boost efficiency. • Process Cooling, January/February 2022

Heat Exchangers for Industrial Process Cooling

Use our Cooling Capabilities Chart on Heat Exchangers to find an exchanger maker that can help you solve your process challenges. • Process Cooling, March 2022

Defeating Dewpoint Corrosion

Left unchecked, dewpoint corrosion can cause significant damage to heat exchanger tubes, tubesheets and structures. When dewpoint corrosion is identified at an early stage, a thermal-lined barrier can stop further damage and lengthen the life of a heat exchanger. • Process Heating, March 2022

How Heat Exchangers Will Support the Energy Transition

Indirect technology is supporting the pursuit of a better, fairer and cleaner future. • Process Heating & Cooling, August 2022

Efficiency Matters in Thermal Processing

Plate heat exchangers can help in the pursuit of long-term energy savings in thermal processing operations. • Process Heating & Cooling, September 2022

Industrial Heat Exchangers

Our Equipment Overview on Heat Exchangers allows readers to review the capabilities of a single manufacturer or identify all of the manufacturers with specific industrial heat exchanger types. • Process Heating & Cooling, October 2022


Equipment Overview: Heat Transfer Fluids

Our Equipment Overview on Heat Transfer Fluids allows readers to review the fluid characteristics of heat transfer fluids from a single manufacturer, or compare fluid data for all manufacturers. • Process Heating, January 2022

Cooling Capabilities: Low Temperature Heat Transfer Fluids for Industrial Process Cooling

Use our Cooling Capabilities Chart to compare the fluid offerings from manufacturers of low temperature heat transfer fluids for process cooling. • Process Heating & Cooling, September 2022

6 Takeaways for Heat Transfer Fluids (2022 Readers’ Pick)

Giving careful consideration to heat transfer fluids provides optimal system performance. • Process Heating & Cooling, November 2022


Impedance Heating Keeps Canola Oil Flowing in Freezing Conditions

When constructing a new canola crushing and oil refining plant capable of processing 2,500 metric tons of canola seed per day, one of the largest Canadian canola producers sought a process heating system capable of mitigating the unavoidable sub-freezing temperature affecting production during winter. • Process Heating, January 2022

Industrial Heating and Control for Curing Advanced Materials

Advanced materials such as liquid resins, fiber cloths impregnated with resin and bonding adhesives are engineered to have specific curing regimes to maximize strength and durability. In many instances, resins and adhesives will harden at room temperature; however, heat may be required to complete or speed up the necessary chemical reactions. • Process Heating, February 2022

Optimizing Heat Transfer via Effective Heater Configuration

No matter what type of fluid is being heated or the fluid flow conditions, consider the specific application conditions before specifying the heater watt density to ensure good results. • Process Heating, June 2022

Multi-Stage Heat Recovery

Recycling thermal energy preserves natural resources and can help your production facility save on operating costs. • Process Heating, June 2022

Can Large-Scale Process Heating Be Electrified?

Scaling up electric heating technologies for industrial use is not without benefits — or challenges. • Process Heating, June 2022

Equipment Overview: Convection and Conduction Heaters

Use our Equipment Overview on fluid heating and direct-contact heaters to find suppliers in less search time. • Process Heating, June 2022


The Data Knows Best: Thermal Solutions and the Industrial Internet of Things

Caught between competing priorities — immediate challenges and future demands — processors can still harness the power of data collection and remote monitoring. • Process Heating, April 2022

How Connected Assets Can Yield Actionable Information

Integrated technology solutions help optimize thermal processes, enhance control and performance and make critical asset data available. • Process Heating, May 2022

Analyzing Time-Series Data: Accelerating Operational Sustainability

The intersection formed via the Industrial Internet of Things, digitalization and technology such as advanced analytics allows manufacturers to leverage time-series and contextual data for process insights. • Process Heating & Cooling, July 2022

Seeking a Sustainable Energy Future with Analytics

Process manufacturers are using improved software applications to accelerate their energy transitions. • Process Heating & Cooling, August 2022

How to Use Virtual Reality Technology to Safely Train Employees

Virtual reality can be used to provide fully immersive experiences that allow trainees to work through real-world scenarios, including hazardous situations, in a safe training environment. • Process Heating & Cooling, October 2022


Putting Cooler Condensers Back to Work

Condensers are used to prevent direct mixing between the shell-side steam and the cooling water flowing through the tubes in steam-turbine-driven equipment in power plants and food processing applications. Biofouling and other problems can lead to tube leaks and unplanned outages. • Process Cooling, January/February 2022

It’s Time to Consider Carbon Dioxide as a Refrigerant

Natural refrigerants deserve to be a bigger part of the climate-saving solution. CO2 has the potential to be as common of a refrigerant as R404A is today, at least for industrial process refrigeration systems. • Process Cooling, March 2022

How to Reduce the Threat of CUI to Your Piping

Corrosion under insulation is the primary damage mechanism that affects the integrity of ammonia piping. Moisture enters the insulation and becomes trapped against the pipe, vessel wall or valve, and corrosion forms on the surface. A proactive approach to maintaining an ammonia system will help avoid factors that are catalysts for corrosion under insulation. • Process Cooling, April 2022

Combating Myths on the Use of CO2 for Industrial Refrigeration Applications

An increased need for cold storage facilities, pharmaceutical manufacturing, food processing, warehousing and distribution has elevated global demand for industrial refrigeration solutions. Moving forward, it is possible to safely and efficiently adopt CO2 systems while realizing benefits. • Process Cooling, June 2022

Designing Your Refrigerant-Management Plan

If your facility relies on a hydrofluorocarbon refrigerant, it is past time to develop a plan to address the HFC phasedown implemented under the American Innovation and Manufacturing (AIM) Act. • Process Heating & Cooling, September 2022


Taming Infrared Energy for Process Heating Applications

Infrared can deliver precise, even heating for even sensitive substrates while lowering carbon footprint and reducing the need for fossil fuels. • Process Heating, April 2022

Tips for Selecting an Infrared Heater

Switching to an infrared system operating at the proper wavelength can provide increased efficiency. • Process Heating, May 2022

Infrared Heat Can Improve Many Heating Processes

Four brief case histories demonstrate how using infrared heating can improve production speed and help optimize final product quality. • Process Heating, May 2022

Equipment Overview: Infrared Heaters

See the light. Our Equipment Overview on Infrared Heaters provides a means to compare the capabilities of many industrial infrared heater and burner manufacturers. • Process Heating & Cooling, September 2022


Making the Complex Simple

Meet the winner of our first Process Heating & Cooling Innovation Award, Robert J. Ferguson of French Creek Software. • Process Heating & Cooling, August 2022


Process Heating Technologies for Catheters

Medical advancements have spurred demand for single-use devices such as catheters to minimize the risk of infections. At the same time, the materials and thermal processing requirements for manufacturing catheters vary depending on the intended use of the medical devices. As a result, it is important to select a manufacturing process that optimizes product quality for the intended use. • Process Heating, February 2022

10 Common Ways to Move Your Product Through an Oven

Companies have many choices when it comes to conveying methods to move a load through an oven. Factors to consider when selecting a conveying system include the product configuration, weight, oven temperature and desired process flow. • Process Heating, February 2022

Recirculated Hot Air Ovens Provide Benefits in Process Heating

Low energy output, cost savings and consistent temperature gradients can be achieved with recirculated hot air ovens. • Process Heating, March 2022

Equipment Overview: Industrial Ovens

Oven configuration, heating method, energy source: each element of design influences how effective an industrial oven will be for your process. Use our Equipment Overview to identify an industrial oven supplier. • Process Heating, March 2022

Continuous Dryers Replace Batch Dryers to Help Solve Labor Struggles

Using a continuous system can help eliminate reliance on staff and increase efficiencies. • Process Heating, March 2022

Using Infrared Thermal Imaging to Optimize Production in an Oxy-Gas Borosilicate Furnace

The use of a thermal-imaging system can result in increased asset life for ovens and furnaces and potentially achieve future energy optimization and cost reductions. • Process Heating, April 2022

Phytosanitation: The Future of Importing and Exporting Woody Biomass

Phytosanitation is a necessary step for the future of bioenergy and global resource management. • Process Heating, April 2022

Equipment Overview: Industrial Dryers

Our Equipment Overview on Dryers allows readers to review the capabilities of a single manufacturer or identify all of the manufacturers with specific experience. • Process Heating, May 2022

Tips for Oven and Dryer Safety and Maintenance Inspections

Industrial ovens and dryers can achieve a useful life of 20 or 30 years with proper maintenance. Inspections are key to a solid maintenance program. • Process Heating, June 2022

Proactive Gas Catalytic Oven Maintenance Extends System Life

With proper design and maintenance, gas catalytic ovens can offer years of service with minimal maintenance tasks. • Process Heating & Cooling, July 2022

Top 5 Most Common Airflow Styles Used in Industrial Ovens

The effective heat transfer within industrial ovens is influenced by the airflow pattern selected for your system. • Process Heating & Cooling, August 2022


Unfreeze Your Cooling Focus

Broadening the concept of cooling and other systems can grow value for processors. Process cooling providers seeking to develop and grow revenue streams typically think about expanding their services with maintenance contracts, an in-house parts department or overhaul services. • Process Cooling, May 2022

Process Heating & Cooling Show Opens in Chicago in June

Discover innovative ways to improve energy efficiency, increase temperature stability, reduce costs, and reinvent your heating and cooling operations as a more efficient and sustainable business. • Process Cooling, May 2022

SCR Power Controls

In our Equipment Overview on SCR Power Controllers, you can use the matrix below to compare the capabilities of several control manufacturers. • Process Heating & Cooling, November 2022

Critical Considerations to Minimize Heat Loss in Industrial Process Applications (2022 Readers’ Pick)

Understand the key characteristics of the thermal insulation used in industrial process applications, and how those characteristics influence the insulation’s efficacy. • Process Heating & Cooling, November 2022


Equipment Overview: Temperature Controllers

What kind of control does your process need? Use our Equipment Overview to identify an industrial temperature controller supplier. • Process Heating, February 2022

How to Use an Offset for Tuning a Temperature Measurement Control Loop

An offset used to correct steady-state errors can prove to be a useful tool. • Process Heating & Cooling, September 2022

Temperature Control During Cryogenic Processing (2022 Readers’ Pick)

Cryogenic treatment requires the same types of temperature control as higher-range processes, but the methods are different. • Process Heating & Cooling, November 2022


Managing Biological Fouling in Cooling Towers

Biofilm formed due to the presence of bacteria in the water can reduce heat transfer efficiency while contributing to increased corrosion and maintenance requirements. In cooling towers, biofilms cause microbial-induced corrosion (MIC) and equipment failures; in membrane systems, biofilms cause scaling and reduce the life of the equipment. Learn how one pharmaceutical company handled the problem when biological fouling threatened their process. • Process Cooling, March 2022

Using Film-Forming Amines for Water Treatment

Film-forming amines can deliver heat transfer equipment protection and lower the cost of ownership while conserving natural resources. • Process Heating, March 2022

Digital Transformation of Cooling Systems in the Process Industry

A digitalization system can provide information integrity for the cooling water system and the process plant. Developing a digital twin provides a tool that allows early detection and diagnosis of anomalies and proactive management of any excursion events. • Process Cooling, June 2022

Trends in Process Cooling Water Treatment

Supply chain challenges and other forces have provided the impetus for new cooling water treatments. • Process Heating & Cooling, July 2022

Cooling Capabilities: Water Treatment

Water treatment suppliers can help you maintain the water chemistry needed to protect your process equipment. Evaluate water treatment service providers using our Cooling Capabilities Chart. • Process Heating & Cooling, July 2022


Valve Maintenance and Life Expectancy Tips

The process to extend the life expectancy of a valve must start from the valve selection through installation and operation to maintenance procedures. • Process Heating & Cooling, July 2022

Using Ball Valves in High Pressure Environments

Used to start and stop, mix, direct and regulate flow, ball valves are found in water systems, gas plants, distilleries, refineries and many industrial applications. • Process Heating & Cooling, October 2022

The Basics of Desuperheating and Steam Conditioning (2022 Readers’ Pick)

Control valves are critical components in desuperheating and steam-conditioning systems. They require an understanding of system operation before they are specified. • Process Heating & Cooling, November 2022


Designing Your Refrigerant-Management Plan for Industrial Refrigeration

Process Cooling editor Linda Becker speaks with Andrew Pansulla of the Chemours Co. about using refrigerants for process cooling.

Innovation: Making the Complex Simple

Meet Robert J. Ferguson of French Creek Software, the winner of our first Process Heating & Cooling Innovation Award.

Making the Case for Conducting Process Heating Assessments

John Puskar, the president of Prescient Technical Services joined editor Linda Becker for a podcast to talk about heat processing equipment risk assessments.

Optimizing Your Heating System for Energy Efficiency

Edye Buchanan of Briskheat offers practical tips and takeaways about optimizing your heating system for energy efficiency.

Decarbonization of Process Heating and Cooling via Heat Recovery and Reuse

Drew Turner of Danfoss Sector Integration, talks about combining process cooling and heating systems via electrification to help facilities achieve decarbonization goals.

Using Data Gathering and Analysis to Manage Industrial Thermal Processes

Dale Smith of Honeywell Thermal Solutions joins editor Linda Becker to talk about the digitalization of industrial thermal processes and how IIoT is changing how we manage processes and produce products. 

Reclaiming Heat Transfer Fluids

Richard Beemsterboer, the sales director for heat transfer fluids at ORG Chem Group, joined editor Linda Becker to speak about reclaiming heat transfer fluids.

Flame Sensors for Safer Steam Methane Reforming

Mike Spalding of Reuter Stokes, a Baker Hughes company, joined editor Linda Becker to speak about safer steam methane reforming.

Heat Source Selection and Evaluation Criteria

Learn about how selecting the correct heat source for your process is an important step that will affect your entire production line and end product in this podcast interview with Angela Krueger, the vice president and general manager of ASI, a division of Thermal Technologies Inc.

Nondestructive Testing for Refrigeration Piping

Suzy Voshen of Gamma Graphics Services and LIXI Inc. talks about nondestructive inspection and testing for process piping, and how to handle corrosion under insulation if it is detected.

Using VFDs for Process Cooling

Tom Stone of Thermal Care talks about how using variable-frequency drives can improve process cooling operations.

Miura’s Thomas Ruff Talks Steam System Efficiency

Thomas Ruff of Miura America discusses the current challenges for OEMs with process heating needs and the benefits of a Miura modular steam system.


Premelter Design Tips

Get quick tips on topics ranging from boilers and convection dryers to controlling temperature.

Tips for Applying Impedance Heating

Get quick tips on topics ranging from boilers and convection dryers to controlling temperature.

10 Tips for Controlling Temperature in Industrial Processes

To control the temperature in an industrial process, it is essential to know what influences temperature within that process. How do the environment, control system and heater design influence the accuracy of temperature measurement and control?

Tips for Upgrading Your Boiler Room

When selecting steam heating equipment for your industrial boiler room, explore boiler options to maximize returns on investments in space, time and energy.

Tips for Applying Impedance Heating

The purpose of impedance pipe heating is to provide heat to a liquid material or gaseous vapor flowing through a pipeline. The heat generated by the impedance heating system can be used to heat the product within the pipe.

Tips for Safeguarding Combustion Processes

Flame detection and supervision devices help keep industrial combustion systems operating safely and without event. Learn more about this essential equipment.

Tips for Sizing and Designing a Convection Dryer

Having a properly sized dryer is as critical as having the proper dryer type. Knowing your product and process well — and communicating the necessities to the dryer manufacturer — will help you get the results you want.

Cooling Tower Gearbox Advice

Get quick tips on topics ranging from centrifugal fans and refrigeration pumps to cooling towers.

Maintenance for Process Cooling Centrifugal Fans

Get quick tips on topics ranging from centrifugal fans and refrigeration pumps to cooling towers.

Designing & Installing Pressure Vessels

Get quick tips on topics ranging from centrifugal fans and refrigeration pumps to cooling towers.

Operating Cooling Towers in Cold Weather

Although sustained freezing conditions complicate cooling tower operation, key measures can ensure smooth performance.

Troubleshooting Refrigeration Pumps

The three most common problems with hermetic and open-drive refrigeration pumps are cavitation, recirculation and vapor entrainment. Learn how to address these challenges.

Handling Scale in Cooling Towers

Learn about descaling options and how to clean your system with these quick tips.

Heat Transfer Fluids Advice

Want to avoid unplanned downtime and extra costs, and ensure safe and optimal system performance? Keep these tips in mind when operating using heat transfer fluids.

Maintenance for Process Cooling Centrifugal Fans

Here are 20 tips across three stages of life for an industrial fan that will set you up for optimal operations in your process cooling system.

Highlights from the 2022 Process Heating & Cooling Show

Get a sneak peek at the inaugural tradeshow focused on industrial process heating and cooling. Make plans to join us in Chicago on May 24-25, 2023.