For decades, cooling towers have provided an efficient means of cooling industrial process loops by providing the lowest operating temperatures available. At the same time, through the years, water-based cooling systems have evolved.
Some farms grow food,” says the soothing yet authoritative voiceover in the commercial. “This one grows fuel.” So begins a recent television commercial from ExxonMobil that brings again to the consumer consciousness the idea of growing algae for biofuel production.
Cleanliness in a cooling tower is important for several reasons. Soiling on the cooling surfaces in cooling towers reduces cooling capacity and increases the power consumption of the fans. Impurities can lead to the formation of Legionella, which can be discharged by the air movement of the fans or by the natural draft of the cooling tower.
The only way to determine if your cooling tower system is clean is Legionella testing. It gives operators and operators an opportunity to find out if their system contains high levels of Legionella. If elevated levels of bacteria are measured, owners and operators should take corrective measures to clean and disinfect the tower.
Winter layup of cooling towers can create an environment susceptible to growth and incubation of corrosion-causing bacteria. Cooling tower cleaning and maintenance prior to spring startup is recommended by OSHA to remove biofilm and prevent Legionella bacteria.
White rust, which is a combination of zinc carbonate and zinc hydroxide, shows up as white spots and bumps on a galvanized surface. It is porous and generally does not protect a steel structure. Left unchecked, leaks can form in a cooling tower basin in as little as two months in severe cases.
Goodway Technologies, Stamford, Conn., developed calculators to help facility managers determine how much descaler is required. Those responsible for maintenance of chillers, boilers, heat exchangers, cooling towers, compressors or condensers will benefit.
The annual conference of the Cooling Technology Institute promises a focus on industrial evaporative cooling technologies, cooling towers and water treatment.
January 1, 2017
Water cooling, evaporative heat transfer equipment such as cooling towers, and cooling water treatment remain the focus of the Cooling Technology Institute’s annual conference. The meeting will take place February 5-9 at the Sheraton New Orleans. Head to the Big Easy to learn the latest about industrial evaporative cooling technologies.
Check out the January 2020 edition of Process Cooling: Cryogenic cooling for hemp processing, automation for cooling tower maintenance, minimizing white rust on galvanized cooling towers and much more!